It’s hard to make a great pop song without a great bass line, and it’s hard to do a great bass line justice without a great bass sound. The bass often serves as the soul and the spine of a record, and if it’s not right, nothing is.
Although the vast majority of tone lies in the fingers, each of the major types of electric bass offers its own subtle color. Today we’ll be looking at a few of the most widely recorded electric basses in history, any of which can help serve as a solid foundation for any studio collection.
The Fender Precision Bass
Introduced in 1951, the Fender P-Bass is probably one of the most iconic instruments of all time, nearly synonymous with the term “electric bass.”
It truly became the instrument it is today in 1957, when the P-bass was updated with split pickup, comprised of two separate magnets, wired in series. This new “humbucking” configuration cut down dramatically on noise, and even more crucially, gave the Fender Precision Bass its signature high-octane tone.
The sound of the Fender P is fat, heavy like a brick, muscular and slightly aggressive, with an unmistakable midrange growl.
It’s a bass that has been favored by hard rock players for decades, from Geezer Butler of Black Sabbath to Paul Simonon of The Clash, to countless thousands since. But it’s also an instrument that has deep ties to the roots of funk, soul and R&B.
The Precision was the bass of choice for influential session players from Donald “Duck” Dunn, to Motown‘s James Jamerson (who played his with his fingers, direct into the board, using a set of flatwound strings that he reportedly never changed) and the legendary Carol Kaye (who also played hers with a set of flatwounds, but with a stiff, heavy pick, often through a Fender “Super Reverb” guitar amplifier.)
The Fender Jazz Bass
The Fender Jazz Bass offers a subtle shift away from the powerfully “forward” sound of the Fender Precision.
With two single-coil pickups wired in parallel, it offers a tone that is somewhat more laid-back and refined. It’s a sound that’s more open and clear, articulate and smooth.
The Fender Jazz can also offer a bit more sonic variety than the Precision.
With both pickups’ volume knobs at full throttle, you have the classic, well-balanced tone of the Fender Jazz. Blend a bit more toward the neck pickup, and it becomes darker and more muted.
Start rolling back the tone control in this position and you could almost fake a sound that’s halfway to flatwounds. Meanwhile, blend toward the back pickup and pluck by your bridge, and you can get a tone that’s almost razor-blade thin.
For many decades, there was an inevitable tradeoff here: If you turned down one of the two pickups, the hum-canceling effects of the parallel wiring would disappear, causing these alternate tones to be far noisier than anything offered by a P-Bass. Modern advancements however, like active electronics or passive “stacked” hum-canceling pickups have essentially made this a non-issue.
The Fender Jazz is associated with a long line of players form John Paul Jones of Led Zeppelin, to Jaco Pastorious, to Larry Graham of Sly and The Family Stone, to Bootsy Collins, who played with James Brown and Parliament-Funkadelic (and who would eventually have 5 Fender Jazz-style pickups installed in his own unforgettable star-shaped “Space Bass”.)
For even more flexibility, contemporary Fender Jazz Basses often come pre-installed with a push-button switch that allowing you to switch from parallel mode to series mode, in order to get a somewhat more muscular tone.
There are still more modifications available for studio owners who just can’t decide: A “P/J” configuration has become increasing popular in recent years. These instruments will generally have a P Bass pickup in the middle and a J Bass pickup near the bridge for extra variety. And, since the neck of the Fender Jazz is usually just a touch smaller than the Precision’s (often making it a bit easier to handle for players who are migrating from guitar) many of these hybrid basses will also feature a custom “J-style” neck.
The Music Man Stingray (and Sterling)
When, in 1971, Leo Fender left the company he founded, he didn’t go into retirement. He just started a new company and kept on pushing the envelope.
His Music Man Stingray was an incredibly forward-looking bass when it was designed. And, much like his Precision Bass two decades before, it helped launch whole new styles of music.
The classic Stingray, with its oversized pickup featuring twin coils wired in series, and onboard electronics that allow active boost/cut control over bass, middle and treble, is a bass which projects a sound that is both powerful and sensitive.
The responsiveness of the Stingray was a key component in some players’ tone and their development of a trademark slap-bass style. Devoted players have included Bernard Edwards of Chic, Flea of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, and Louis Johnson, who is perhaps best known for his work on Michael Jackson‘s Thriller.